Fortification walls of Sibiu

The Romanian medieval town of Sibiu features an extremely well preserved fortification system organized into sets of walls and bulwarks, surrounding what has for long been one of the largest citadels in Europe.

author:Peter Kesselyak

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On the East side, the third exterior defense wall runs alongside the driveway and a beautiful park area laid out at the end of the 18th century, between the Haller bulwark and the Thick Tower, up to the Cisnadiei bulwark. It is called the Invalids' Promenade. Between Union Square and the Thick Tower, the wall presents archways for the passing of pedestrians.

"Poarta Lesurilor" or the Gate of Corpses, situated at the avenue intersection, was built at the middle of the 16th century, during the plague epidemic.

In proximity of the beautiful Gothic and Baroque Ursulinelor convent, the fortification wall, dating from the middle of the 14th century, features two arch systems supporting a passage towards the so-called monks' courtyard and the Constitution Street. Here, close to the Salt Gate, used to be the Barbers' Tower.

The oldest construction left unaltered in Sibiu is a yard in Huet Square, featuring a 30 meter fraction of the first defense wall, from the 13th century.

On the Citadel street, the defense wall preserves its appearance from the second half of the 15th century, when it was rebuilt with brick and ample arches supporting a guard passage with a wooden banister and roof. This section also presents a balcony with crennels adapted for shooting arrows as well as harquebuses.

On Centumvirilor street, the fortification wall dates from the second half of the 14th century and was remodeled in the 18th century. It is located in the uneven ground portion between the Upper Town and the Lower Town. This wall section has a convex shape and the maximal height of 10 m and features the Poschen stairway, connecting the Upper and the Lower Town. This particularly beautiful brick passage descends through archways cut into buttresses supporting the walls, passing by the courtyard of the Evangelic Church.



Fortification walls of Sibiu

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